In many East Asian countries Buddha's Birth is celebrated on the 8th day of the 4th month in the Chinese lunar calendar in Japan since on April 8 of the Gregorian calendar , and the day is an official holiday in Hong Kong , Macau and South Korea. The date falls from the end of April to the end of May in the Gregorian calendar. As a result of the Meiji Restoration , Japan adopted the Gregorian calendar in lieu of the Chinese lunar calendar in However, it took approximately until , the end of World War II , for religious festivities to adopt the new calendar.
In most Japanese temples, Buddha's birth is now celebrated on the Gregorian calendar date April 8; only a few mainly in Okinawa celebrate it on the orthodox Chinese calendar date of the eighth day of the fourth lunar month. On the day of proceeding Purnima Buddhist monks and priests decorate temple in colourful decorations and candles.
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On the day of the festival the President and Prime Minister deliver speeches about the history and importance of Buddhism and religious harmony in the country. From noon onwards large fairs are held in and around temples and viharas selling bangles, food largely vegetarian , clothes, toys and conducting performances of Buddha's life, Buddhist music teaching about the Dharma and the 5 precepts. Later on Buddhists attend a congression inside the monastery where the chief monk would deliver a speech discussing the Buddha and the 3 jewels and about living the ideal life after which a prayer to the buddha would be conducted and people would then light candles and recite the three jewels and 5 precepts.
In Cambodia, Buddha's Birthday is celebrated as Visak Bochea and is a public holiday where monks around the country carry flags, lotus flowers, incense and candles to acknowledge Vesak. People also take part in alms giving to the monks. In China, celebrations often occur in Buddhist temples where people light incense and bring food offerings for the monks.
Buddha's Birthday - Wikipedia
Lanterns are lit to symbolise the Buddha's enlightenment and many people visit the temple to pay their respects. The bathing of the Buddha is a major feature of Buddha's birthday celebrations in the city.
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India is the land where the Buddha attained enlightenment nirvana at Bodhgaya and established Buddhism. Buddha spent majority of his life in what is now modern day India. Some of the holiest sites associated with Buddha's life include Bodhgaya place of enlightenment , Sarnath site of first sermon , Sravasti and Rajgir site where Buddha spent the greater part of his monastic life and delivered majority of his discourses , and Kushinagar site where Buddha attained Parinirvana and passed away   Under Emperor Ashoka , Buddhism spread from India to other nations. Buddhists go to common Viharas to observe a rather longer-than-usual, full-length Buddhist sutra, akin to a service.
The dress code is pure white. Non-vegetarian food is normally avoided. Kheer , a sweet rice porridge is commonly served to recall the story of Sujata, a maiden who, in Gautama Buddha's life, offered the Buddha a bowl of milk porridge. Tibetans in exile remember Buddha's birthday on the 7th day of the Saga Dawa month fourth month of the Tibetan calendar , which culminates with Buddha's parinirvana celebrations on the full moon day.
It is said that the Buddha originally followed the way of asceticism to attain enlightenment sooner, as was thought by many at that time. He sat for a prolonged time with inadequate food and water, which caused his body to shrivel so as to be indistinguishable from the bark of the tree that he was sitting under. Seeing the weak Siddhartha Gautama, a woman named Sujata placed a bowl of "Kheer" in front of him as an offering.
Thereafter, he would go on to attain nirvana. In Indonesia, Buddha's Birthday is celebrated as Waisak and is a public holiday. A large procession beginning in Mendut in Java ends at Borobudur — the largest Buddhist temple in the world. Buddha's birth is also celebrated according to the Buddhist calendar but is not a national holiday. Japanese people pour ama-cha a beverage prepared from a variety of hydrangea on small Buddha statues decorated with flowers, as if bathing a newborn baby.
The tradition of bathing the Buddha originated in China and was introduced to Japan where it was first held in Nara in In Malaysia, Buddha's Birthday is celebrated as Wesak Day and is a public holiday celebrated by the sizeable minority Buddhist population in the country.
Temples across the country are decorated and caged animals are set free. People engage in prayers, chanting and giving across the country.
In Mongolia, Buddha's Birthday is celebrated as Ikh Duichen and its date is determined by the Mongolian lunar calendar. While not a public holiday the festival is popularly celebrated by many Mongolian Buddhists. It is celebrated by watering the Bodhi tree and chanting.
In large pagodas music and dance is also performed as part of the celebrations. In Nepal, the birthplace of Buddha, his birthday is celebrated on the full moon day of May.
Purnima means full moon day in Sanskrit. The event is celebrated by gentle and serene fervour, keeping in mind the very nature of Buddhism. People, especially women, go to common Viharas to observe a rather longer-than-usual, full-length Buddhist sutra , as something like a service. The usual dress is pure white.
Kheer , a sweet rice porridge is commonly served to recall the story of Sujata. Buddha's Birthday is occasionally designated as a public holiday in North Korea and is known as Chopail Korean: Buddha's Birthday celebrated as Vesak Tagalog: Araw ng Bisyak is not a public holiday but is celebrated by the small community of Buddhists in the country.
In Singapore, Buddha's birthday is celebrated as Vesak or Vesak Day and is a public holiday in the country. Buddhist temples hold celebrations and are decorated with Buddhist flags and flowers. Devotees also bring offerings to the temples.
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In South Korea, the birthday of Buddha is celebrated according to the Korean lunar calendar and is a public holiday. Lotus lanterns hang in temples throughout the month and lanterns are hung in homes and in the streets. The breakfast and lunch provided are often sanchae bibimbap. Buddha's Birthday is a popular holiday and folk celebration in Korea and is often celebrated by people of all religious beliefs. In Sri Lanka, Buddha's Birthday is celebrated as Vesak and is a public holiday celebrated on the first full moon day of the month of May.
Its date is determined by the Buddhist lunar calendar. People engage in religious observances and decorate houses and streets with candles and paper lanterns as well as bamboo-framed lanterns. Dansalas is practised and refers to the free offering of food and drink to people. Bakthi Gee — devotional songs are sung and pandols which are decorative gateways are erected throughout the country. Temples around the country also hold celebrations and devotees bring offerings and burn incense.
In Taiwan, Buddha's birthday is a national anniversary. Devotees pour fragrant water over Buddha statues to symbolise the beginning of a fresh start in life. In Thailand, Buddha's birthday is celebrated as Visakha Puja and is a public holiday. People gather at temples to hear sermons, give donations and chant prayers. Buddha's birthday is celebrated throughout Vietnam.
Many Buddhist temples hold celebrations that attract people from around the country and pagodas around the country are decorated. In Sydney , Buddha's birthday is celebrated at the Nan Tien Temple in Wollongong Australia and another celebration also organised by Nan Tien Temple is held at Darling Harbour which features Buddha's birthday ceremony, a variety of vegetarian food and culture stalls and multicultural performances from China, Japan, Vietnam, Korea, India, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Australia and other cultures.
On the Australian external territory of Christmas Island , Buddha's Birthday is celebrated as "Vesak Day" and is celebrated alongside many other celebrations common in Australia and Malaysia as well as local celebrations of the island. Vesak Hanamatsuri is widely known and celebrated in Brazil due to the country's large Japanese community. Hanamatsuri has grown in popularity and also attracts interest from the wider non-Japanese Brazilian population.
As a result, Hanamatsuri has become a consumerist culture phenomenon in the country and is sometimes locally known as Festa das Flores. In Toronto , three Buddhist temples representing the three main branches of Buddhism organize an annual event known as Vesak: Celebration of Buddha's Birthday in the United States differ from community to community, depending on ethnicity and nationality. The Japanese celebration on 8 April has been significant in the Bay Area for some decades.
In the first circumambulation of Mt. Although this clear and quite detailed acknowledgement of homosexuality exists in the monastic discipline Vinaya , there is not one instance in which homosexuality is condemned or spoken of as evil or unskillful Pali, "akusala" in the voluminous recension of discourses and teachings given by the Buddha and his disciples the Suttas. All schools, including the Dalai Lama's Tibetan Buddhism, consider compassion, love and kindness at the centre of Buddhist practice and therefore love of all kind is seen as accepted.
The Dalai Lama has spoken of the merits of heterosexual marriage:. Too many people in the West have given up on marriage. They don't understand that it is about developing a mutual admiration of someone, a deep respect and trust and awareness of another human's needs The new easy-come, easy-go relationships give us more freedom -- but less contentment.
While Buddhism neither encourages nor discourages marriage, it does offer some guidelines for it. The fundamental code of Buddhist ethics , the Pancasila or five precepts , contains an admonishment of sexual misconduct , though what constitutes such misconduct from a Buddhist perspective varies widely depending on the local culture. The Digha Nikaya 31 Sigalovada Sutta describes the respect that one is expected to give to one's spouse.
Since marriage is secular,  Buddhism has no restrictions on divorce. Sri Dhammananda has said "if a husband and wife really cannot live together, instead of leading a miserable life and harboring more jealousy, anger and hatred, they should have the liberty to separate and live peacefully.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Buddhist perspectives on the tradition of marriage. Four Stages Arhat Buddha Bodhisattva.